Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 is a federal civil rights law to stop discrimination against people with disabilities. It guarantees that a child with a disability has equal ACCESS to an education and that it is comparable to an education provided to those who do not have a disability.
The Section 504 regulation requires a school district to provide a “free appropriate public education” (FAPE) to each qualified person with a disability who is in the school district’s jurisdiction, regardless of the nature or severity of the person’s disability.
Under Section 504, a child must have a disability that interferes with their ability to learn in a general education classroom. Children who qualify for a 504 plan have a normal ability to learn academically. They may have a mobility impairment (for example, a wheelchair), medical condition such as epilepsy, ADHD, food allergies (among others), or frequent referrals for behavior challenges or is under a physician's care for a psychological condition such as anxiety or depression.