IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Act of 2004) is a federal special education law ensuring services to children with a disability. This law governs how states and public agencies provide early intervention, special education and related services to children (birth to 21) with a disability.
Under IDEA, a child's school performance and/or ability to learn and benefit from the general education curriculum must be "adversely affected" by one of these 13 conditions:
-Specific Learning Disability (some examples: dyslexia, auditory processing disorder, dysgraphia)
-Other Health Impairment (some examples: ADHD, Tourette Syndrome, diabetes, epilepsy)
-Autism Spectrum Disorder
-Speech or Language Impairment
-Visual Impairment, including blindness
-Traumatic Brain Injury
Wondering what "adversely affects education performance" entails? It can incorporate many different aspects of education: performance, behavioral challenges, social skills, and impaired work skills to name a few.
If you or your child's teacher suspect your child has any disability which is adversely affecting their educational performance, you or the staff at the school have the right to request an evaluation for special education. If your child has already been medically diagnosed and you feel their performance is being adversely affected, you may request an evaluation to further assess their school performance and needs.